If pregnancy is not achieved despite one year of unprotected intercourse, a series of tests should be performed before planning IVF treatment. In vitro fertilization tests differ for expectant mothers and fathers.
First of all, the basic tests required to determine the cause of infertility in a couple are as follows;
These tests can increase the likelihood of successful IVF treatment.
1. Hormone tests specific for women:
2. Blood glucose (may be requested in groups with risk factors for diabetes)
3. Rubella IgG
Rubella IgG positivity indicates previous rubella infection and indicates natural immunity to rubella infection during pregnancy.
4. Hysterosalpingography (uterine film)
Before IVF treatment, an important finding of fluid accumulation in the tube, called hydrosalpinx in the tubes, which directly affects the success of IVF, is evaluated with a uterine film to evaluate whether the tubes are blocked or not. If there are adhesions in the uterus, polyps in the uterus, fibroids in the uterus, this can negatively affect the result of embryo transfer.
The answer to the question of when these tests should be performed in IVF treatment is any time.
Sperm analysis should evaluate sperm count, motility and shape. A sexual abstinence of 2-5 days is recommended for this test. In case of severe low sperm count, tests such as FSH, LH, testosterone and prolactin hormones may be ordered.